• Ashu Mishra

All about Osteoporosis:

Osteoporosis is a Latin term which means ‘porous bones.’ Osteoporosis is a condition in which bones become brittle and cannot stand more weight. In this condition, the bone density reduces and forms honeycomb maze-like structure internally and gradually becomes weak. Even a little stress through bending or even coughing can cause a fracture. Most common areas of its occurrence are the joints near the hip, wrist, or spine region. Our bones contain two types of cells, 1. Osteoclast and 2. Osteoblast.

1. Osteoclasts are the cells which degenerate the bones.

2. Osteoblasts are the cells which regenerate the bones.


In a normal human body, the lost bone is gradually replaced by the newly formed, but in the case of osteoporosis, the loss is gradual and new bones are formed very slowly. This slow growth of bones leads to the degeneration of bone mass. This chronic disease affects both men and women, but mostly women after their menopause. This may be because the quantity of calcium in women is comparatively low. This disease is usually asymptomatic, but can show some symptoms like back pain, stooped posture, frequent fractures. The older we get, the higher we are at risk of getting osteoporosis, especially older women. Some factors like low calcium intake, and gastrointestinal surgery, or having low calcium, protein, or vitamin diet can lead to the disease. Vitamin D is also one of the necessary elements which improve the condition as Vitamin D helps in the absorption of calcium from dietary sources. The recommended limit for an adult for vitamin D uptake is 1500 IU (International unit) to 2000 IU, whereas the recommended uptake of calcium is 1000-1200 mg for an adult woman and about 1500mg for women who are pregnant or lactating. Now, let’s have a look at what actually does Osteoporosis do to our bones.

Our bone is a hard tissue, a kind of dense connective tissue. Bones have two types of structure: 1. Cortical and 2. Spongy

Cortical bones comprise of a harder outside part which provides strength and support and gives shape to the structure.

Spongy bones are soft, spongy part found inside the ends of long bones known as epiphyses. It is porous and contains red bone marrow.

When we have this osteoporosis condition in our body, the cortical bone becomes thin, and spongy bones become less dense with more pores.


Food to avoid osteoporosis:

To prevent such chronic disease, we must include certain things in our diet. These include, dairy products such as milk, cheese, fortified food like fortified cottage cheese, yoghurt, as these foods contain a high amount of calcium.

Green leafy vegetables like spinach, broccoli, turnip, etc. Fish, nuts, eggs. We can include these food products in our diet to have healthy bones.


Common misbeliefs regarding osteoporosis:


1. Only females will have osteoporosis.

2. One need not worry until he or she is old.

3. People who already had a bone fracture are at higher risk.

4. Only falling from somewhere or slipping can cause bone fracture.

5. Osteoporosis can’t be cured.


Treatment:


Treatment of Osteoporosis includes administering oral doses of bisphosphate. Some of the common drugs which doctors prescribe are alendronate, risedronate, ibandronate, etc. Doctors also prescribe to include food rich in calcium, protein, and certain vitamins in our diet.


So, in order to have a healthy bone, and to live strong, we must take care of ourselves. We must eat right, and exercise daily in order to keep our body functioning.

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