• Ashu Mishra

4 nutritional deficiency disease you must know about

Nutritional diseases are basically those diseases which occur due to deficiency or excess of some nutrients. These diseases may range from obesity to some serious cardiovascular diseases. These diseases make a person develop some abnormality which can be cured by having a properly nutritious diet. Malnutrition is the term given to a person eating a low-nutrition diet. Malnutrition is of four types basically: Underweight, Wasting, Stunting, and deficiency. Malnutrition affects a person’s physical and mental growth. Obesity is also a disease which occurs due to imbalanced and improper over-diet. Obesity affects a person’s physical growth and may create certain mental challenges. So, let us now discuss these four diseases, each in details.




1. Rickets:

Rickets is caused due to the deficiency of Vitamin D. Vitamin D is also known as Calciferol and is important for certain body functions. The main function of vitamin D is to absorb calcium and thus it helps in strengthening our bones. With the deficiency of Vitamin D, our bones become week and fragile and with this, rises the condition of rickets. The symptoms of rickets may include stunted growth, pain in backbone and girdles, weakness, muscle pain, muscle fatigue, frequent cramps and fractures, etc. Sun is one of the major sources of vitamin D, so, long exposure to sunlight may improve the condition. Treatment includes having a vitamin D rich diet which includes fortified milk and dairy products, oil, fish, etc.



2. Pellagra:

Pellagra is caused due to the deficiency of Vitamin B3. Vitamin B3 is also known as Niacin and is important for many body functions. The main function of vitamin B3 is to convert carbohydrate into glucose and this, in turn, metabolizes fats and proteins and keeps our nervous system in proper condition. With the deficiency of Vitamin B3, our nervous system gets affected, and with this, rises the condition of pellagra. The symptoms of pellagra may include Skin inflammation, diarrhoea, etc. This deficiency may lead us to a disease known as dementia. Treatment includes having a vitamin B3 rich diet which includes Mushroom, chicken, tuna, peanut, beef, tuna, etc.



3. Scurvy:

Scurvy is caused due to the deficiency of Vitamin C. Vitamin C is also known as Ascorbic acid and is important for certain body functions. The main function of vitamin C is to repair and help in the growth of many body tissues and thus help in the recovery of body after any wear and tear. With the deficiency of Vitamin C, our internal body response becomes slow and with this, rises the condition of scurvy. The symptoms of scurvy may include bleeding gums, delayed healing of wounds, bones deformity, etc. Treatment includes having a vitamin C rich diet which includes oranges, lemon, and other citrus fruits, strawberry, broccoli, etc.



4. Goitre:

Goitre is caused due to deficiency of Iron. Iron is an essential element required in our body, for blood production. Iron is the main component of haemoglobin and also Myoglobin which is our muscle cells. The main function of iron in our body is to transfer oxygen from the blood to other tissues therefore it is present in large amount in our blood. With the deficiency of Iron, we may develop a number of symptoms, finally leading to goitre. The symptoms of goitre include poor growth, swollen neck due to enlargement of the thyroid gland, slow mental growth, poor physical growth, etc. Treatment includes having a diet rich in iodine which includes iodized salt, sea-food, etc.

So, now that you know how important it is to have a properly balanced diet, I hope you will follow the same and stay healthy.

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